In this study, a surface functionalized Fe3O4 composite with core–shell structure was fabricated based on Schiff
base and thiol-ene click reactions. The Fe3O4@COF@NH2 magnetic nanoparticles were characterized by scan
ning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, energy dispersive X-ray spectrometry, Fourier
transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, Brunauer-Emmett-Teller and vibrating sample magnetometer.
The material showed high specific surface area, high pore volume and satisfactory magnetism. Furthermore, the
parameters for the extraction of four flavonoid glycosides, including the amount of adsorbent, adsorption time,
pH value, adsorption temperature, ion strength, elution solvent and elution time, were investigated. While the
adsorption capacity and adsorption mechanism were explored through static adsorption experiment, high
adsorption capacity for rutin (31.6 mg/g), vitexin (36.7 mg/g), hyperoside (47.0 mg/g) and icariin (54.1 mg/g)
were obtained based on the strongly π-π stacking, hydrogen-bonding and hydrophobic interactions. Furthermore,
Freundlich model with higher R2 value than Langmuir model, was more appropriate for fitting the isotherm
adsorption. Finally, the material was applied for the separation, pre-concentration and analysis of four flavonoid
glycosides in the fruit of Crataegus pinnatifida extract and rat plasma. Under the optimal conditions, the re
coveries of spiked samples were between 89.2% and 106.5% with RSDs ranged from 0.2% to 6.2%. The results
revealed a fast binding kinetics, high adsorption capacity, satisfactory selectivity, very good reusability and
storage stability of the Fe3O4@COF@NH2.